| Quote #1
'Tis not through envy of thy happy lot,
So, let's get this straight: the speaker has a heartache that he wants to drink away because he is…too happy for the nightingale? Count us skeptical. In Keats's poems, happiness is always a complicated subject. See also: "Ode on a Grecian Urn."
| Quote #2
O for a draught of vintage! that hath been
The speaker associates the nightingale with the Mediterranean lifestyle: music, wine drinking, and dancing. He wants to distill the essence of these joyful activities into a liquor. Provence is a region in France known for its wine, sun, blue skies, and early Renaissance poetry.
| Quote #3
Where palsy shakes a few, sad, last grey hairs,
Part of the reason he thinks that the nightingale is so happy is that it does not have to suffer through the trials of human existence. All thought is bound to be despairing, so the fact that the nightingale does not have complex thoughts removes its obstacles to happiness. All human life is reduced to the image a balding, dying man suffering paralyzing seizures.