From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
No doubt here. The old man is clearly the protagonist. Partly because we have no one else to choose from (the sea turtles were weak contenders), but mostly because we’re inside his head, we spend a ton of time watching him, we feel sympathetic towards him, and his character development drives the story.