One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest
Laws and Order Theme
Nurse Ratched uses an extensive system of rules and regulations, as well as an ordered routine, to keep the asylum patients under control. Many of the rules Nurse Ratched has in place are petty; the only point of most rules is for Nurse Ratched to display her control over the patients’ lives. Rules range from music constantly remaining on in the main hangout room, the staff members not being allowed to eat with patients, and the toothpaste being locked away as if it could be used as a weapon or a way of escaping the ward. In this novel, rules are not in place to protect people, but to hold them down. The characters are freed by breaking the rules.
Questions About Laws and Order
- Do laws and order on the ward contribute to patients’ sense of safety or frustration? Or both? Why?
- When the men begin to stand up to Nurse Ratched about the rules, what’s the reasoning behind their complaints? What’s her response? Is their complaint legitimate? Is her response legitimate?
- Are the rules on the ward determined democratically, as Nurse Ratched claims? If not, who does set the rules? If they are, what keeps the men from creating rules that make them happier?
- Are there any examples of rules in this novel that actually are for a person’s (or a patient’s) own good?
Chew on This
Although the order, routine, and rules on the ward give patients a certain sense of security, they also prevent the men from ever being "cured."
Although Nurse Ratched and the patients pretend that the ward is run "democratically," with patients participating in the process of rule-making, she actually refuses to cede power to the democratic process.