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by Dante Alighieri
Dante Alighieri Timeline and Summary
Dante invokes Apollo and the Muses to help him remember and compose his poem. He and Beatrice arrive in the First Heaven: sphere of the Moon. Dante attempts to explain why there are moon-spots on the moon. Beatrice vigorously corrects him. Dante mistakes souls for reflections of corporeal spirits. Dante meets Piccarda Donati and learns about vows. Dante and Beatrice arrive in the Second Heaven: sphere of Mercury. He meets Justinian. They arrive in the Third Heaven: sphere of Venus. He meets Charles Martel and learns about providence. They arrive in the Fourth Heaven: sphere of the Sun. A crown of souls surrounds him and Beatrice. St. Thomas teaches him about St. Francis. St. Bonaventure teaches him about St. Dominic. St. Thomas teaches him about King Solomon and warns him against hasty judgments. King Solomon teaches him about the light of the souls. He and Beatrice arrive in the Fifth Heaven: sphere of Mars. He sees the starry Cross. Cacciaguida teaches Dante about his noble bloodline, ancient Florence, and his destiny. Dante is proud of his bloodline. He and Beatrice arrive in the Sixth Heaven: sphere of Jupiter. He sees the message about justice and watches the Eagle form. The Eagle teaches Dante about Divine Justice and introduces the six spirits in its eye. He and Beatrice arrive in the Seventh Heaven: sphere of Saturn. Dante sees the golden ladder and meets St. Peter Damian. Dante meets St. Benedict. He gazes down towards Earth. He and Beatrice arrive in the Eighth Heaven: sphere of the Fixed Stars. He witnesses the coronation of Mary and the re-ascent of Christ and Mary. St. Peter examines Dante on faith. St. James examines Dante on hope. St. John examines Dante on charity, while he is blind. Adam answers Dante's questions. He and Beatrice arrive in the Ninth Heaven: Primum Mobile. Dante witnesses the model of the nine Angelic Intelligences and Beatrice explains to him its relation to the material universe. Beatrice tells Dante the Creation story. They arrive in the Tenth Heaven: the Empyrean. Dante witnesses the Celestial Rose. Dante is surprised at Beatrice's disappearance and St. Bernard's appearance. St. Bernard explains the placement of the blessed in the Celestial Rose. St. Bernard prays on Dante's behalf to Mary to see God. Dante sees the image of God in the Holy Trinity.