| Quote #10
[St. Peter to Dante]: "What is the origin of the dear gem
Dante cites the Holy Ghost, the third member of the Holy Trinity, as the source for all faith. His "persuasiveness that faith has truth" is supported by Jesus in John 14:15-18, where He calls the Holy Ghost the "Spirit of Truth." This links back to why faith is seen as "evidence" for the unseen truths of Paradise and its blessedness.
| Quote #11
I answer: I believe in one God – sole,
Dante recites his creed, a religious confession of faith beginning with his belief in "one God." He cites Scripture, both books in the Old Testament ("Moses and the Prophets" and the "Psalms") as well as those in the New Testament ("the Gospels" and the writings of the Apostles) as proof of God's existence. He then goes on to map the triune form of God in the Holy Trinity – in which there are Three in One and One in Three. This allows God to be called by the singular "is" or the plural "are." As a statement of truth, this creed ends in a bit of light imagery – a "spark," "vivid flame," and "star in heaven" – which enlightens Dante and "glows in [him]."
| Quote #12
That circle – which, begotten so, appeared
Dante's final lasting image in Paradiso is of the second circle (the Son) of the Holy Trinity. Here he witnesses the mystery of the Incarnation, that Christ had both the nature of man and God in one body, symbolized by the fact that "our effigy" (the image of man) "seemed painted" on the second circle but was "colored like itself." In other words, man's image is the same color as the rest of the circle around it, but yet Dante can see it. Seeing, however, does not necessarily mean understanding. When Dante ponders it ("I wished to see / the way in which our human effigy / suited the circle"), he cannot comprehend it ("my own wings were far too weak").