| Quote #4
[Justinian]: "This little planet is adorned with spirits,
Justinian gives the reason why the inhabitants of Mercury are not more blessed than they are. On earth, they "acted for the honor and fame they would gain." This means they loved honor and fame more than they did God. These are lesser "earthly ends" and, upon their deaths, God placed them in a relatively low sphere of blessedness to match their somewhat petty desires.
| Quote #5
[Beatrice]: "for God showed greater generosity
After Adam's original sin, God could have simply sent everyone to Hell. However, his generosity or compassion allowed man another way out. Out of his infinite love, God gave Himself to man in the form of Jesus Christ, and through faith in him, allowed man a way to access Heaven again. That God's sacrifice is considered "justice" implies that earthly justice should, like God's, include a measure of mercy.
| Quote #6
[Dante to Charles Martel]: "…so may you clear the doubt
In answering Dante's question of why good fathers sometimes have evil or unjust sons, the key word is "providence." Providence sanctions all the little hiccups in the universe that do not seem to make sense. It is considered a form of divine love because everything it does is in the interest of "His creatures'…well-being." So even evil sons begotten from good fathers have a role to play in the world that will ultimately benefit man's well being.