| Quote #4
[Justinian]: "But part of our delight is measuring
Man's place in the universe is determined according to his "merit" or moral worth. Thus, we can understand the Christian cosmic order as one based on karma. In Heaven, the souls are "placed" in the various stars according to the degree of their blessedness; the less blessed one is, the lower down he is in the universe. But everyone in Heaven "delight[s]" in his or her rank, even if it is relatively low because God rewards just as much as one desires. Simply by being in heaven, souls have shown that their desire is in alignment with God's, so what they desire is equivalent to what they deserve. Thus, everyone is happy.
| Quote #5
[Beatrice to Dante]: "You say: 'I see that water, see that fire
If the universe runs on desire for God, there must be a way to distinguish between sentient beings' desire (like humans' and animals') and other non-sentient elements' "desire," such as the "water…and fire and air and earth" that Dante mentions. The difference, Beatrice claims, is the creator. Sentient beings like angels and humans and animals were made directly by God, while everything else sprang from a "created power." Later we learn that these "powers" are the nine angelic intelligences. These inanimate objects also "move" in their desire for God but, unlike man, they do not have free will.
| Quote #6
[Charles Martel]: "Engendered natures would forever take
In explaining why good fathers do not always have good sons, Charles Martel cites Providence or "Divine provision," which is a type of love. Providence, then, explains and justifies the seeming anomalies in the universe as God's will.