Paul is living—well, sadly, dead—proof that the truth will out. We never know exactly what he's hiding, but it seems pretty bad. At the same time, Paul doesn't seem to be a very good liar. Everyone knows something is up with him, even if they—like us—never know quite what it is. And what's weird is that Paul actually feels most honest when he's living on borrowed time in New York. So here's the question: Which part is a lie—Paul's dreary life on Cordelia Street? Or the high-flying fling on 5th Avenue? Does "Paul's Case" suggest that lies can actually be more honest than the truth?
Cather implicitly suggests that Paul is hiding his sexual identity.
"Paul's Case" suggests that lying becomes the cause rather than the effect of Paul's secret.