What bounds on θ produce the single petal of the graph
r = cos(2θ)
We'll start out with something that seems reasonable, like 0 ≤ θ ≤ π, and see what we find.
That's definitely not right. We didn't find all of the petal we wanted, and we got a bunch of other junk. See if we can decrease the upper bound on θ until we find the top half of the petal we want.
How about ?
Still not right. We have the upper half of the petal, but we also have half a petal that we don't want:
This seems like we have twice as much graph as we want, we'll try cutting the upper bound of θ in half again.
That's the upper half of the petal we want. To find the lower half of the petal, let the lower bound for θ reflect its upper bound.
When we find the piece of the graph we want:
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