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Polynomials

Polynomials

Multiplication of a Monomial and a Polynomial

The easiest case of polynomial multiplication is multiplying a monomial and a polynomial. In this case, we "distribute" the monomial to each term in the polynomial. We really do distribute it, though. We weren't using the quotation marks to be sarcastic or ironic.

Sample Problem

What is (2x)(3x2 + 4x + 9) ?

We use the distributive property to distribute (2x) over the longer polynomial, then simplify the resulting terms.

(2x)(3x2 + 4x + 9) = (2x)(3x2) + (2x)(4x) + (2x)(9)
  = 6x3 + 8x2 + 18

Sample Problem

What is (5x2)(4x3 + 7x)?

We distribute (5x2) to find (5x2)(4x3) + (5x2)(7x),

which simplifies to 20x5 + 35x3.

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