At its heart, "Portrait in Georgia" is just that—a portrait, in words. It's just a description of a person—how they look, what they resemble. Sounds boring right? Ah, but it's what Jean Toomer does with that description that's so fascinating. He takes a flat description, a mere list of images, and makes the kind of meaning that will have you wearing your thinking cap for years to come. As usual, in poetry, there's more to a figure than looks. So when we read this portrait, we should definitely read between the lines.
This poem is describing the appearance of a black female lynching victim. There is no white woman, and there's no black man.
This poem describes a white woman using the imagery of a black, male lynching victim to emphasize the cruelty white people inflicted on black southern men in Toomer's time.