From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
The Prince

The Prince


by Niccolò Machiavelli

Niccolò Machiavelli Timeline and Summary

  • 1469: Niccolò Machiavelli is born in Florence, Italy. The same year, Lorenzo 'Il Magnifico' de Medici comes to power.
  • 1492: Lorenzo 'Il Magnifico' de Medici dies and his incompetent son, Piero, takes over.
  • 1494: The Medici fall from power after the French invasion, and Florence is ruled by a republican government.
  • 1498: Machiavelli becomes a head of the second chancery and secretary of the Dieci di Libertà e Pace, which deals with foreign relations and war.
  • 1502: Machiavelli meets Cesare Borgia. Swoon!
  • 1503: Machiavelli starts training the Florentine militia.
  • 1509: The civilian army that Machiavelli had been training took Pisa, one-upping his idol Cesare.
  • 1512: The republic falls, the Medicis return to power, and Machiavelli is out of a job.
  • 1513: Machiavelli is arrested and lightly tortured. When he's released, he goes to his country home and starts writing The Prince.
  • 1515: He gives The Prince to Lorenzo de' Medici.
  • 1527: Niccolò Machiavelli dies. The same year, Rome is sacked by mercenary soldiers running amok. Machiavelli's ghost is not surprised.
  • 1532: The Prince is finally published.