From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
When poets refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.
Literary and Philosophical References
Epicurus, ancient Greek philosopher who ran a philosophy called the Garden (9)
Netzahualcoyotl, king of the Texcoco city-state in pre-Hispanic Mexico who was also a philosopher and poet (9)
Vicente Huidobro, Altazor, or A Voyage in a Parachute: This long poem is one of the most important avant-garde works in Latin American literature. In it, the poetic speaker goes on a falling journey through language, beginning with full sentences, passing through made-up words, and ending in pure vowel sounds. (4)
Plato, The Republic: A philosophical text that contains the allegory of the cave, in which people look at shadows dancing on a wall cast by the true forms dancing in front of a fire. This is a metaphor for the way we humans see the world in copies or imitations. (10)
Genesis 7:12, "The rain fell upon the earth for forty days and forty nights." (5-6)
Matthew 4:2, "After fasting for 40 days and 40 nights, he finally became hungry." (5-6)