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Progressive Era Politics Statistics

By the Numbers

Total number of child workers in the United States in 1870: 850,0005
Total number of child workers in the United States in 1900: 1.7 million6
Total number of industrial workers in the United States in 1900: 20 million7

Number of college-educated women in the United States by 1900: over 80,0008

Percentage of American women employed as office workers or telephone operators in 1920: 25%9
Percentage of American women employed in domestic service in 1920: 15%10
Number of women working for wages in 1920: 8 million11
Percentage of wage-earning women who were married and living with their husbands in 1920: 25%12

Proportion of the American population living in cities in 1900: 1/313

Americans employed in the trade and service occupations in 1910 (not all of them white collar workers): less than 2 million14
Americans employed in the trade and service occupations in 1910 (not all of them white collar workers): over 7 million15

Number of Americans living in cities in 1910: 42 million16
Number of Americans living in cities in 1910 who had migrated from rural parts of the U.S. after 1880: 11 million17

Number of people arrested in the Justice Department's "Palmer Raids" (named for Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer) from 1919-1920, most of them detained without an arrest warrant: over 5,000.18

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