* Site-Outage Notice: Our engineering elves will be tweaking the Shmoop site from Monday, December 22 10:00 PM PST to Tuesday, December 23 5:00 AM PST. The site will be unavailable during this time.
Dismiss
© 2014 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.

About  Shmoop

How We Cite Our Sources

Shmoop content is written primarily by Ph.D. and Masters students from top universities, including Stanford, Harvard, U.C. Berkeley, and Yale. We base our work on credible academic sources and we cite our sources.

In Shmoop US History, Civics, and Biography, we use Chicago style citations to document our sources.   We offer a bibliography for each learning module under the "Citations" tab.

History Inline
Cite

In Shmoop Literature, Bestsellers, and Poetry, we use in-line citations with links to carefully screened sources.

Literature Inline

More info:

How to Cite Shmoop