# Geometry Terms

Get down with the lingo

### Concave

Describes a quadrilateral or polygon that has a cavity, or a cave. It means that at least one of the polygon's diagonals lies partly or entirely outside of the figure.

### Convex

Describes a quadrilateral or polygon that doesn't have a cavity. It means that the polygon has all diagonals completely contained within the figure.

### Cross Diagonal

The smaller of the two diagonals of a kite, and it doesn't necessarily involve any symmetry. It is, however, bisected by the main diagonal. So there's that.

### Cyclic Quadrilateral

A quadrilateral whose vertices all lie on a circle. It has the peculiar property of having supplementary opposite angles.

### Diagonal

A segment that connects the 2 pairs of opposite vertices in a quadrilateral. In polygons with more sides, a diagonal connects any two vertices that are not right next to each other.

### Isosceles Trapezoid

A trapezoid whose two non-parallel sides (legs) are congruent. Its two pairs of base angles are also congruent too, much like those of an isosceles triangle.

### Kite

A quadrilateral with two distinct sets of congruent consecutive sides. (They share an angle.) It has perpendicular diagonals and is perfect for windy days.

### Main Diagonal

The larger of the two diagonals of a kite. It's the diagonal about which there is a line of symmetry.

### Median

A segment parallel to the bases of a trapezoid that connects the midpoints of the non-parallel sides. A trapezoids median also has a length that's the average of the two bases.

### Parallelogram

A quadrilateral in which both pairs of opposite sides are parallel. Consequently, they're also congruent. And their opposite angles are congruent. And their consecutive angles are supplementary. And their diagonals bisect each other. And they like long romantic walks on the beach and reading Danielle Steel novels.

### Polygon

A closed 2D shape that is made up entirely of segments. No saucy curves on these guys. They're all lines and angles.

### Quadrilateral

A polygon with four sides. We can remember this easily because "quad" means "four" and "lateral" means "side."

### Rectangle

A parallelogram with four right angles. Also known as "The Equiangulizer" because any equiangular quadrilateral is automatically a rectangle.

### Rhombus

A quadrilateral whose four sides are all equilateral. Rhombi (that's the plural of rhombus) have all the properties of parallelograms, too.

### Square

A rectangle with four congruent sides. It's also got that 90° angles thing going on, plus the bisected congruent perpendicular diagonals. It's also the quadrilateral worthy of the title "regular."

### Trapezoid

A quadrilateral with *only* *one* set of parallel sides (called the "bases"). Trapezoids absolutely cannot have two sets of parallel sides. That's a big fat no-no.