From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
Ramses II put me at the top of the door to his big temple at Abu Simbel. Not only is this a great carving, it's a 3-D symbol of his second name, User-ma'at-Ra ("Ra's Truth is Strong"): it shows me, standing between the hieroglyph for strength (the scepter with Anubis's head on it on my left) and a feather of truth to my right. [Great Temple of Abu Simbel, southern Egypt, ca. 1250BCE. Photo 2008 by ljanderson977.] Public domain.