Reconstruction
Reconstruction
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Reconstruction Learning Guide: Citations

Sources we cite in Reconstruction
1 Elizabeth Cady Stanton, National Woman Suffrage Association convention, Washington, D.C., quoted in Maureen Fitzgerald, foreword to The Woman's Bible (Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1993), xvii.
2 Michael R. Haines, "Expectation of life at birth, by sex and race: 1850-1998," Table Ab644-655 in Historical Statistics of the United States, Earliest Times to the Present: Millennial Edition, eds. Susan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Ab644-91110.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Ab644-911, accessed 1 June 2007.
3 Jack Ericson Eblen, "New Estimates of the Vital Rates of the United States Black Population During the Nineteenth Century," Demography 11:2 (May, 1974), pp. 301-319, http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0070-3370%28197405%2911%3A2%3C301%3ANEOTVR%3E2.0.CO%3B2-%23, accessed 1 June 2007.
4 Haines, Michael R. , " Total population, by sex and age: 1850-1990 ." Table Aa185-286 in Historical Statistics of the United States, Earliest Times to the Present: Millennial Edition, eds. Susan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa110-68310.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa110-683, accessed 1 June 2007.
5 Haines, Michael R. , " Total population, by sex and age: 1850-1990 ." Table Aa185-286 in Historical Statistics of the United States, Earliest Times to the Present: Millennial Edition, eds. Susan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa110-68310.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa110-683, accessed 1 June 2007; Michael R. Haines, " Urban and rural territory - number of places, by size of place: 1790-1990 ." Table Aa684-698 in Historical Statistics of the United States, Earliest Times to the Present: Millennial Edition, eds. Susan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa684-189510.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa684-1895, accessed 1 June 2007;[Under the Direction of the Secretary of the Interior], "Statistics of the United States, (Including Mortality, Property, &c.,) in 1860; Compiled from the Original Returns and Being the Final Exhibit of the Eighth Census" (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1866).
6 Michael R. Haines, " Urban and rural territory - number of places, by size of place: 1790-1990 ." Table Aa684-698 in Historical Statistics of the United States, Earliest Times to the Present: Millennial Edition, eds. Susan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa684-189510.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa684-1895, accessed 1 June 2007.
7 Michael R. Haines, " Urban and rural territory - number of places, by size of place: 1790-1990 ." Table Aa684-698 in Historical Statistics of the United States, Earliest Times to the Present: Millennial Edition, eds. Susan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa684-189510.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa684-1895, accessed 1 June 2007.
8 Michael R. Haines, " Urban and rural territory - number of places, by size of place: 1790-1990 ." Table Aa684-698 in Historical Statistics of the United States, Earliest Times to the Present: Millennial Edition, eds. Susan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa684-189510.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa684-1895, accessed 1 June 2007;[Under the Direction of the Secretary of the Interior], "Statistics of the United States, (Including Mortality, Property, &c.,) in 1860; Compiled from the Original Returns and Being the Final Exhibit of the Eighth Census" (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1866).
9 Haines, Michael R. , " Total population, by sex and age: 1850-1990 ." Table Aa185-286 in Historical Statistics of the United States, Earliest Times to the Present: Millennial Edition, eds. Susan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006),http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa110-68310.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa110-683, accessed 1 June 2007;Michael R. Haines, " Urban and rural territory - number of places, by size of place: 1790-1990 ." Table Aa684-698 in Historical Statistics of the United States, Earliest Times to the Present: Millennial Edition, eds. Susan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa684-189510.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa684-1895, accessed 1 June 2007;[Under the Direction of the Secretary of the Interior], "Statistics of the United States, (Including Mortality, Property, &c.,) in 1860; Compiled from the Original Returns and Being the Final Exhibit of the Eighth Census" (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1866).
10 James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988), 12.
11 Michael R. Haines, "Growing Incomes, Shrinking People-Can Economic Development Be Hazardous to Your Health? Historical Evidence for the United States, England, and the Netherlands in the Nineteenth Century, 253.
12 James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988), 14.
13 James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988); Leon F. Litwack, Been In the Storm So Long: The Aftermath of Slavery (New York: Knopf, 1979).
14 James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988); Leon F. Litwack, Been In the Storm So Long: The Aftermath of Slavery (New York: Knopf, 1979).
15 Leon F. Litwack, Been In the Storm So Long: The Aftermath of Slavery (New York: Knopf, 1979).
16 Haines, Michael R. , " Total population, by sex and age: 1850-1990 ." Table Aa185-286 in Historical Statistics of the United States, Earliest Times to the Present: Millennial Edition, eds. Susan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa110-68310.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa110-683, accessed 1 June 2007; Ninth Census-Volume I: The Statistics of the Population of the United States, compiled by Francis A. Walker (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1872).
17 Haines, Michael R. , " Total population, by sex and age: 1850-1990 ." Table Aa185-286 in Historical Statistics of the United States, Earliest Times to the Present: Millennial Edition, eds. Susan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa110-68310.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa110-683, accessed 1 June 2007; Ninth Census-Volume I: The Statistics of the Population of the United States, compiled by Francis A. Walker (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1872).
18 Haines, Michael R. , " Total population, by sex and age: 1850-1990 ." Table Aa185-286 in Historical Statistics of the United States, Earliest Times to the Present: Millennial Edition, eds. Susan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa110-68310.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Aa110-683, accessed 1 June 2007; Ninth Census-Volume I: The Statistics of the Population of the United States, compiled by Francis A. Walker (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1872).
19 James L. Huston, "Property Rights in Slavery and the Coming of the Civil War," The Journal of Southern History 65:2 (May, 1999), pp. 249-286, http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-4642%28199905%2965%3A2%3C249%3APRISAT%3E2.0.CO%3B2-1, accessed 1 June 2007.
20 See Richard Lowe, "The Freedmen's Bureau and Local Black Leadership," The Journal of American History 80:3 (Dec., 1993), pp. 989-998, http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0021-8723%28199312%2980%3A3%3C989%3ATFBALB%3E2.0.CO%3B2-Q, accessed 1 June 2007.
21 James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988); Scott Sigmund Gartner, " Military personnel and casualties, by war and branch of service: 1775-1991 ," Table Ed1-5 in Historical Statistics of the United States, Earliest Times to the Present: Millennial Edition, eds. Susan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Ed1-14510.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Ed1-145, accessed 1 June 2007.
22 James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988); Scott Sigmund Gartner, "Military personnel and casualties, by war and branch of service: 1775-1991," Table Ed1-5 in Historical Statistics of the United States, Earliest Times to the Present: Millennial Edition, eds. Susan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Ed1-14510.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Ed1-145, accessed 1 June 2007.
23 James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988); Scott Sigmund Gartner, " Military personnel and casualties, by war and branch of service: 1775-1991 ," Table Ed1-5 in Historical Statistics of the United States, Earliest Times to the Present: Millennial Edition, eds. Susan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Ed1-14510.1017/ISBN-9780511132971.Ed1-145, accessed 1 June 2007.
24 See Janice Schuetz, The Logic of Women on Trial: Case Studies of American Popular Trials (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1994).
25 Eric Foner, Reconstruction: America's unfinished revolution, 1863-1877 (New York: Harper & Row, 1988).
26 J. William Harris, The Making of the American South: A Short History, 1500-1877 (Blackwell, 2006), 295.
27 Eric Foner, Give Me Liberty! An American History (New York: W. W. Norton, 2006), 485.
28 See the full text of the Constitution and its amendments on-line at Cornell University Law School, Legal Information Institute, http://www.law.cornell.edu/anncon/index.html, accessed 16 July 2007.
29 "Mississippi Approves Slavery Abolishment," Washington Post, 17 March 1995, A03.
30 Citizens of Calhoun, Georgia, letter to the General of the Third Military District, 25 August 1867, quoted in Dorothy Sterling, The Trouble They Seen: The Story of Reconstruction in the Words of African-Americans (Da Capo Press, 1994), 113.
31 Quoted in Leon Litwach, Been in the Storm So Long: The Aftermath of Slavery (Athlone Press, 1980), 372.
32 Georgia Republican Party, The Loyal Georgian, 3 March 1866.
33 Quoted in Leon Litwach, Been in the Storm So Long: The Aftermath of Slavery (Athlone Press, 1980), 486.
34 Quoted in United States Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, Eighth Semi-Annual Report on Schools for Freedmen (Government Printing Office, 1 July 1869).
35 W.E.B. Du Bois, The Negro (Courier Dover Publications, 2001 ed.), 130.
36 Quoted in John Hope Franklin, Reconstruction (Chicago, 1961), 433; and Kenneth Stampp, The Era of Reconstruction (London, 1965), 5-6.
37 John W. Burgess, Reconstruction and the Constitution, 1866-1876 (Harvard University, 1905), 264-5.
38 Claude G. Bowers, The Tragic Era: The Revolution After Lincoln (Literary Guild of America, 1929), v, http://books.google.com/books?id=tutBAAAAIAAJ&, accessed 9 January 2009.
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