by Herman Hesse
Analysis: What’s Up With the Title?
Siddhartha is the name of the novel’s protagonist. Just keep in mind that our main character Siddhartha is not intended to be Siddhartha Gautama, popularly known as "Buddha" (as in Buddhism, the major Eastern religion). The Siddhartha who lends his name to the novel’s title is a man living in ancient India at the same time as Buddha.