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A Song of Despair

A Song of Despair

by Pablo Neruda

Memory and the Past Theme

We're not sure how long ago this love affair took place in "A Song of Despair," but it's definitely over. The whole poem starts with a memory, and the speaker can't shake it. Almost all of the verbs are in the past tense, and the woman the poem is about is definitely no longer in the speaker's present. His sad, sad memories are all that's left. Still, he clings to them in such a way as to suggest that he's unable to let go of sad days gone by. In a way, we think that makes this poem somehow even sadder. Who knew that was even possible?!

Questions About Memory and the Past

  1. How would the poem be different if it were set in the present of the love affair, rather than looking back at it?
  2. Why is this memory so strong, and why can't the speaker let go of it?
  3. If the speaker could forget all about the woman, do you think he would? Why or why not?

Chew on This

Try on an opinion or two, start a debate, or play the devil’s advocate.

The speaker is trapped in the past, which is the real shipwreck in this poem. Live in the now, man!

The past is almost like a place in the poem, a place the speaker longs to return to, but—sadly—has been banned from.

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