We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
Sonny's Blues

Sonny's Blues


by James Baldwin

Sonny's Blues Theme of Family

Ah, family. They can make us crazy and angry; they can love us and drive us away at the same time. This is precisely what happens in "Sonny's Blues." The two brothers in this story clearly love each other, but they don't understand each other and they don't condone each other's lives. It's precisely because they love each other so much that they have the power to really hurt each other. But they also illustrate how strong the ties are that bind them, because in the end they find their way back to each other and reaffirm how much they need each other. It's a hard road they travel to get to this point, but they do get there.

Family operates on another level as well in the sense that some characters create their own family separate from the one they're born into. The narrator creates a family with his wife and children (this is the more traditional family), and Sonny creates a family with his fellow musicians. Although the narrator doesn't get this, Sonny is able to surround himself with people who love the same things he loves. But these same people, this same family, are also a negative influence, since some of them fuel Sonny's drug problem.

Questions About Family

  1. How would the story be different if it were told from the perspective of Sonny's musician family?
  2. If you had to define "family" in "Sonny's Blues," how would you do it?
  3. Is Sonny in some ways Creole's little brother, or is he more of an equal?

Chew on This

Try on an opinion or two, start a debate, or play the devil’s advocate.

No matter how frustrating family can be, it's family that gets Sonny back on track.

Sonny's family is partly why he turns to drugs and is, therefore, an unintentionally negative force in his life.

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...