The Spanish-American War Terms
AnnexationThis is a formal act in which a state or nation claims control over territory outside its domain, often after some form of military conquest, or by military occupation.
Cuba LibreIn the late 1890s, the American press published stories of war atrocities in Cuba. Spanish colonial forces, the American public learned, were responsible for the starvation and suffering of the Cuban colonists. These stories stirred the sentiments Americans and inspired many to offer support to the Cuban cause. "Cuba Libre" ("A Free Cuba") was the rallying cry behind rallies, food drives, and fund-raisers held throughout the United States.
DepressionA period of economic malaise during which business and employment decline.
A depression is a severe economic downturn marked by a sharp rise in unemployment and a steep decline in manufacturing and production. Before the Great Depression of the 1930s, economic crises were referred to as "panics."
ExpansionistAny practice, policy, or person in support of territorial or economic expansion.
Gilded AgeFrom the title of Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner's 1873 novel, the "Gilded Age" became a term popularly associated with the second half of the nineteenth century, a period from the end of the Civil War to the turn of the twentieth century marked by political corruption and materialism.
The name coined by Mark Twain for the last quarter of the nineteenth century in America. Twain meant to emphasize that behind the fabulous new wealth of the era there was a decadent and thoroughly corrupt core.
The name coined by Mark Twain for the last quarter of the nineteenth century in America. Twain meant to emphasize that behind the fabulous new wealth of the era, there was a decadent and thoroughly corrupt core.
Imperialism, Imperialistic, ImperialistImperialism is generally defined as any government policy or action that is aimed at exerting power over another territory or nation of people. In its most obvious form, imperialism involves the use of military force, often to acquire land. But it can also be the result of more subtle extensions of power such—economic, political, or religious.
Independencia O MuerteThis Spanish phrase, meaning "Independence or Death," was the bold slogan used by Cuban revolutionary leaders such as José Martí and Máximo Gómez to rally the Cuban people behind the 1895 movement to expel the Spanish colonizers and achieve national independence.
Insurgent, Insurgency, InsurgentsAny person who resists an established government regime, usually with force, may be considered an "insurgent," particularly by the state. Often insurgents consider themselves to be "rebels" or "revolutionaries" fighting against an authority they consider corrupt.
Manifest DestinyThe concept, popular in the nineteenth century, that the United States was ordained by God to conquer the entire North American continent.
This phrase was first coined in 1845 by those who advocated the annexation of Texas. Thereafter it became the calling card for western expansion and, ultimately, a rallying cry for those who sought to justify American imperialism.
First used by those who supported the annexation of Texas in 1845, the term later justified American settlement of the Great Plains and the West (and then the broadening of the American empire).
The idea, popular in the mid-nineteenth century, that the United States was ordained by God to spread across the entire North American continent.