"Spring in Fialta" explores the nature of memory through its first person narrator, who recalls for his readers a series of past events. The story is essentially a series of memories, each laid on top of the next and together creating a composite narrative. We see that memory is selective, manipulative, and not to be trusted. In many ways, memory conceals; we can’t possibly hope to get an accurate idea of the past through one man’s spotty recollection. On the other hand, memory illuminates, since with it comes the benefit of retrospect, heightened awareness, and understanding that are clear only after the fact.
"Spring in Fialta" is primarily about the process of memory. Victor’s actual relationship with Nina is less important than the way in which he remembers it, the consequences of recollection, and the nostalgic qualities of his narrative.