For the protagonist at the beginning of the poem, "religion" means duty and sacrifice. Go to church. Go to Palestine, the location of Jesus' burial. Sacrifice your oranges and cockatoo for God. But, this view seems rather naïve. In the middle of the poem, the poet suggests that religions are myths that spring from the human imagination and fill a hidden need we have. The poet embraces the perspective of pagans who celebrate each moment, and accept death and change as natural processes. By the end of the poem, the woman turns away from belief in the supernatural, and the poet imagines a world where man is alone in nature.
The poem shows that the term "religion" only applies to social practices, and that a person cannot have a religious experience by him or herself.