From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.

Roots of Common Terms in Taxonomy

Roots

L = Latin; G = Greek

Auto, Chemo, Hetero, and Phototrophs

trophe = nutrition (G); auto = self, same (G); chemo = chemical (G); heteros = other, different (G); photo = light (G)

Binomial Nomenclature

bis = twice (L), nomen = name (L), calare = to call (L)

Blastula, Blastopore

blastos = sprout (G), pore = hole, opening

Cladogram

klados = branch (G); gram = something written or drawn (G)

Eukaryote

eu = true (G); karyon = nucleus (G)

Homo

= same, similar (G)

Phylogeny

phylon = tribe, race (G); genesis = generation, production (G)

Prokaryote

pro = before (G); karyon = nucleus (G)

Subspecies

sub = below (L)

Synapomorphy

syn = with (G); apo = away from (G); morph = shape, form (G)

Taxon/a, Taxonomy

taxis = arrangement (G); nomie = method (G)

Vertebrates

vertebratus = joint of the spine (L)

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...

Advertisement