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Taxonomy

Taxonomy

Roots of Common Terms in Taxonomy

Roots

L = Latin; G = Greek

Auto, Chemo, Hetero, and Phototrophs

trophe = nutrition (G); auto = self, same (G); chemo = chemical (G); heteros = other, different (G); photo = light (G)

Binomial Nomenclature

bis = twice (L), nomen = name (L), calare = to call (L)

Blastula, Blastopore

blastos = sprout (G), pore = hole, opening

Cladogram

klados = branch (G); gram = something written or drawn (G)

Eukaryote

eu = true (G); karyon = nucleus (G)

Homo

= same, similar (G)

Phylogeny

phylon = tribe, race (G); genesis = generation, production (G)

Prokaryote

pro = before (G); karyon = nucleus (G)

Subspecies

sub = below (L)

Synapomorphy

syn = with (G); apo = away from (G); morph = shape, form (G)

Taxon/a, Taxonomy

taxis = arrangement (G); nomie = method (G)

Vertebrates

vertebratus = joint of the spine (L)

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