We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
Tess of the D'Urbervilles

Tess of the D'Urbervilles

  

by Thomas Hardy

Analysis: Allusions

When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.

Literature

  • William Shakespeare. Alec whistles "Take, O take, those lips away" from Measure for Measure. (9.29)

  • Walt Whitman. "Crowds of men and women attired in the usual costumes, / How curious you are to me! – " (25.6)

  • Byron and Shelley. "Though not cold-natured, he was rather bright than hot – less Byronic than Shelleyan; could love desperately, but his love more especially inclined to the imaginative and ethereal" (31.8)

  • F.J. Child (ed.) The English and Scottish Popular Ballads, 5 vols. (1882-98), vol. 1, no. 29. "Guénever". The ballad tells the story of "The Boy and the Mantle," which is about a magic mantle that only the pure could wear. Guinevere, King Arthur's queen, was cheating with Lancelot, and the mantle changed color and betrayed her. (32.54)

  • Algernon Swinburne. Atalanta upon Calydon. ll.1852-5 (35.46)

  • William Shakespeare. King Lear III.ii.60: "More sinned against than sinning." (35.52)

  • Robert Browning. "By the Fireside" (1855), l. 192. (35.78)

  • John Milton, Paradise Lost. Alec quotes Milton, suggesting that she's like Eve, and he's like Satan, come to tempt her in the guise of a "lesser animal," since he's dressed as a commoner. (50.20)

The Bible

  • "Chasten yourself with the thought of "how are the mighty fallen." (1.32)

  • "Perhaps, like that other god of whom the ironical Tishbite spoke, he was talking, or he was pursuing, or he was in a journey, or peradventure he was sleeping and was not to be awaked." (11.61)

  • "Thy damnation slumbereth not." (12.51)

  • "Three Leahs to get one Rachel." (23.32)

Philosophical/Political

  • Thomas Malthus. Essay on the Principle of Population (1803). (5.17)

  • Jeremy Taylor (15.4)

  • St. Augustine. (15.2)

Historical References

  • Abbey Roll and William the Conqueror. (1.11)

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...