© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
Tess of the D'Urbervilles

Tess of the D'Urbervilles


by Thomas Hardy

Tess of the D'Urbervilles Theme of Memory and the Past

In Tess of the D'Urbervilles, this theme is obviously connected with the more general theme of "Time," but while that theme has to do with the passage of time, this one has to do mostly with characters' relationship to the past. Many characters, like Jack Durbeyfield, want to live in the past, and others, like Tess, are continually re-living their own history while trying to run away from it. Is the past something you want to escape, or something you want to hold on to?

Questions About Memory and the Past

  1. In the world of Tess of the D'Urbervilles, is it possible to escape the past? Is it desirable?
  2. Which characters choose to live in the past, and what are the consequences?
  3. In what way does the past catch up with Tess?

Chew on This

Try on an opinion or two, start a debate, or play the devil’s advocate.

Despite Tess's best efforts to escape her own history, events of the past—even the distant past—continually come back to haunt her.

Jack Durbeyfield's failure to understand the relationship of past and present—his reliance on his family's past glory to make up for their present shortcomings—sets Tess's tragedy in motion, and this misunderstanding about the past haunts Tess for the rest of her life.

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...