by John Donne
The Flea Theme of Respect and Reputation
"The Flea" takes place well before the sexual revolution, folks. As in several centuries before. In Donne's day, sex before marriage was consider a serious sin. The woman's parents probably want to see her married to a nice, rich nobleman, not some skeezy poet (sorry, Donne). At the same time, England had a tradition of "courtly love," in which some women took lovers outside of marriage, if they were discreet about it. "The Flea" demonstrates Donne's awareness of both of these attitudes. In the early seventeenth century, a too-free expression of sexuality, and especially a woman's sexuality, could get someone in a lot of hot water.
Questions About Respect and Reputation
- Why would marriage help the woman maintain her reputation? Is the speaker really interested in the commitment of marriage?
- How do you think the situation described in the poem might be different if it took place today?
- Does the speaker have power over the woman by virtue of being a man?
- How does the speaker use religion to make his aims seem more respectable?
Chew on This
The speaker stands to lose little from the affair, while the woman could compromise her chances of a successful marriage.
The speaker assumes that the woman is not as concerned as she says she is about any potential loss of honor. She merely wants to make him work for her affections – to "woo" her – in order to fill the conventions of courtship.