© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
The Piano Lesson

The Piano Lesson


by August Wilson

The Piano Lesson Theme of Slavery

The Piano Lesson is set in 1937, almost 80 years after slavery was abolished in America. However, the shadow of slavery is still very much felt in the play. The Piano Lesson shows how blacks in America were still struggling to overcome the poverty that slavery left them in. The play also brings to light institutions which created new forms of legal slavery like Parchman Farm, a prison/farm which functioned like a slave plantation. Many blacks were imprisoned there, convicted by a legal system biased against them, and then were forced to work long hours in the fields under grueling conditions. Yes, The Piano Lesson shows that African Americans were still haunted by slavery even though it was no longer legal. This "haunting" is represented pretty literally in the form the ghost of Sutter, a man whose family once owned slaves, and in the form of the piano of the play's title, which is used to summon the spirits of slaves.

Questions About Slavery

  1. In what ways does the piano represent the Charles family's history of enslavement?
  2. What are some ways in which the Charles family has symbolically fought slavery over the years?
  3. How was the penitentiary, Parchman Farm, similar in many ways to the old slave plantations?
  4. Why did Boy Charles feel that his family was still enslaved as long as Sutter still had the piano?

Chew on This

Try on an opinion or two, start a debate, or play the devil’s advocate.

When Boy Willie wrestles with Sutter's ghost, it is an allegory for the way the entire African-American race is still struggling with the after-effects of slavery.

The Piano Lesson argues that African Americans can't ever forget their legacy of slavery, because in the knowledge of this painful past lie dignity and strength.

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...