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The Stranger

The Stranger

by Albert Camus

Friendship Theme

The Stranger explores the differences between friendship and companionship. The novel’s apathetic hero seems to draw no distinction between them, or rather, approaches what other characters think of as "friendship" with a detached and indifferent air. He falls into friendships if being friends is easier than being strangers, but would rather remain strangers if that takes less effort than having a conversation. Friendship ends up being something that happens to the main character, rather than something he creates. Of course, one could always argue that this means it isn’t friendship – or even companionship – at all.

Questions About Friendship

  1. Doesn’t it seem like Salamano is better friends with his dog than Meursault is with Raymond? What does this say about the nature of friendship?
  2. Does The Stranger draw any distinction between friendship and companionship?
  3. Why does Maman start a new romance with Perez so close to her death? Do you agree with Meursault’s explanation?
  4. Salamano replacing his dead wife with a dog might be considered a little ludicrous. What does this mean from an absurdist’s point of view?
  5. Meursault acts not for good reason, but because there’s no reason not to act. How is that reflected in his friendship with Raymond?

Chew on This

Try on an opinion or two, start a debate, or play the devil’s advocate.

Just as Perez and Maman tried to escape death via a blossoming romance, Meursault escapes boredom through his friendship with Raymond.

Meursault uses other people to satisfy his needs. This is actually no different than what other, "normal" characters do in The Stranger – it’s just that Meursault is more willing to admit it. At the end of the day, he’s just like any other person, without the mask of social niceties.

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