This is Meursault’s story, as told through Meursault’s eyes, heart, and mind (but more mind than eyes, and more eyes than heart), so naturally he is the protagonist. Of course, Meursault doesn’t exactly encompass traditional protagonist qualities, such as not being hated by everyone. Many claim that Meursault is an anti-hero, a main character who embodies the opposite qualities of traditional heroes. We’re talking heroic qualities like bravery, determination, and a strong sense of personal identity. Meursault? Not so much. But you could argue he earns his hero stripes at the end of the novel, as he knows "for certain" all about himself, about his life and his death and what is waiting for him.