The Sun Also Rises
How we cite our quotes:
"Oh darling," Brett said, "I’m so miserable."
I had that feeling of going through something that has all happened before. "You were happy a minute ago." (7.30)
Brett’s misery is never too far beneath the surface. Every time she’s with Jake, his mere presence seems to remind her of her feelings for him, and the impossibility of their situation.
But I could not sleep. There is no reason why because it is dark you should look at things differently from when it is light. To hell there isn’t! I figured that all out once, and for six months I never slept with the electric light off. That was another bright idea. To hell with women, anyway. To hell with you, Brett Ashley. (14.2)
Left alone for the night, Jake’s problems all emerge in full force. He’s definitely right – something about the night time makes us all a little too introspective at times. Despite his efforts to brush them off, his emotional issues can’t be ignored forever.
That was morality; things that made you disgusted afterward. No, that must be immorality. That was a large statement. (14.6)
In his late night musings, Jake stumbles upon the idea that morality is signified by things that disgust you after you’ve done them (or perhaps it’s immorality). Either way, this statement provides us with a definition of a moral code that only functions through the negative reinforcement of guilt or dissatisfaction.