The Canterbury Tales: The Wife of Bath's Tale Theme of Appearances
Since the plot of "The Wife of Bath's Tale" has at its heart a loathly lady who shape-shifts into a beautiful, young damsel, we might expect appearances to be important here. And they are, just not for the reason you might think. For instead of this being a tale about how a knight learns to appreciate people for what's on the inside and that outer appearances don't matter, it's a tale about how a knight learns to give up sovereignty to his wife. That sovereignty includes power over the body. The loathly lady's physical appearance becomes an important symbol of that body, so that, at the end of the tale, when she offers her husband a choice about how he wants her to look, she's in essence offering him control of her body. He grants this control back to her, thus proving his understanding of the doctrine of women's sovereignty in marriage. Medieval stories don't necessarily go in for the whole 'appearances don't mean anything' maxim anyway, as we've seen in the "General Prologue."
Questions About Appearances
- How does the attitude toward appearances in "The Wife of Bath's Tale" compare with the attitude toward them in her Prologue?
- How might appearances be related to the body in "The Wife of Bath's Tale"? What are the consequences of this relationship for the meaning of the knight's answer to the choice his wife gives him?
- How does the knight's marriage to an unattractive woman upset the conventions of this genre? How does it upset the traditions of the court?
- What is the loathly lady's argument in favor of ugly wives?
Chew on This
Appearance in "The Wife of Bath's Tale" is meant to symbolize the female body.
The knight's marriage to the loathly lady upsets the traditions of the court and the romance genre by disallowing a spectacle on the occasion of the knight's wedding.