The men dig their foxholes in the yard of an abandoned pagoda. There are two monks there, who seem basically OK with the arrangement.
Kiowa isn't OK with it, though, saying that you shouldn't mess with churches.
They stay there for a couple of days, and the monks especially take a shine to Henry Dobbins. They call him "soldier Jesus" and help him clean his machine gun.
Dobbins tells Kiowa that maybe he'll join the monks after the war. Kiowa says that he didn't realize that Dobbins was religious.
Dobbins agrees that he's not particularly religious, but he likes the idea of being a decent person. He ends up deciding, though, that he's simply not smart enough to be religious. He couldn't explain why God invented pneumonia. Plus, um, he hates church.
Then Dobbins asks Kiowa if he planned to be a minister, what with Kiowa carrying around a Bible all the time. Kiowa says he'd never be a preacher, but that he likes churches, the feeling you get when you're inside them. And that setting up for war inside one of them is absolutely wrong.
When the monks are finished cleaning Dobbins' machine gun, he gives them each a can of peaches and a chocolate bar. And then he agrees with Kiowa, saying that all you can do is treat people decently.