From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
In medieval times, it was hip to wear a hammer-shaped pendant around your neck (if you were Scandinavian). Christianity was spreading like wildfire in Scandinavia, making people forget about the Norse gods. All the cool kids rebelled by wearing my hammer. HARDCORE.[Image from the Swedish encyclopedia Nordisk familjebok, published late 1800s-early 1900s.] Public domain.