Well, it’s a Woolf novel. Gender figures in all the chauvinistic remarks that the men make, and the protective tone towards men that Mrs. Ramsay takes. Also, Mrs. Ramsay is held up as an ideal of womanhood. Lily Briscoe deviates from this ideal because she is not interested in marriage or comforting and sympathizing with every male character in the novel.
In To the Lighthouse, the male characters that look down upon women are the most dependent on women.