| Quote #1
It was astonishing that a man of his intellect could stoop so low as he did—but that was too harsh a phrase—could depend so much as he did upon people’s praise. (1.4.12)
Despite his great intelligence, Mr. Ramsay is insecure. It stems from his inner turmoil regarding his contributions to society.
| Quote #2
He called them privately after the Kings and Queens of England; Cam the Wicked, James the Ruthless, Andrew the Just, Prue the Fair—for Prue would have beauty, he thought, how could she help it?—and Andrew brains. (1.4.12)
The eight Ramsay children are pigeonholed by William Bankes according to their most defining characteristics.
| Quote #3
So boasting of her capacity to surround and protect, there was scarcely a shell of herself left for her to know herself by; all was so lavished and spent; and James, as he stood stiff between her knees, felt her rise in a rosy-flowered fruit tree laid with leaves and dancing boughs into which the beak of brass, the arid scimitar of his father, the egotistical man, plunged and smote, demanding sympathy.
Mrs. Ramsay puts everyone else’s needs above her own, causing her self-identity to wither.