As far as recognizable voices in American literature go, it's pretty tough to do much better than Edgar Allan Poe. He uses a core set of themes and techniques again and again. Now, not all of his work is like this, but "Ulalume" makes for a pretty good example. Let's go down the list:
If you're reading a poem or a story with all of these things in it, chances are pretty good that you're dealing with Poe.