The characters in The Unbearable Lightness of Being are interesting because the narrator admits to having created them. They are fictional beings, he explains, born of a metaphor or an idea that encapsulates a basic human possibility. This raises interesting questions in regard to the way identity is crafted in real life – what lies at the core of an individual's "I"? Many characters in the novel, and Tereza in particular, are concerned with just this question. The divide between soul and body, and the attempt to identify the "I" of the soul are explored at great length.
In The Unbearable Lightness of Being, identity is only discovered through sex.
This novel argues that, in the search for self-identity, the soul cannot be separated from the body.