© 2014 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
Water for Elephants

Water for Elephants

by Sara Gruen

Water for Elephants Allusions and Cultural References

When authors give shout outs to other great works, people, and events, it's usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.

Literary and Philosophical References

Gounod (1.6, 17.182, 22.208)
Shakespeare (6.145, 7.100, 17.125)
Wordsworth (6.145, 14.4)
Bible (6.145)
Oscar Wilde (6.145)
Olive Oyl (6.145)
Popeye (6.145)
Wimpy (6.145)
Othello (14.4)

Historical References

Ringling Brothers Barnum & Bailey (referenced throughout)
A First of May (3.17, 3.31, 10.54, 10.58)
Prohibition (4.18)

Pop Culture References

"The Star Spangled Banner" (1.14, 22. 218)
Cracker Jack (1.37, 3.113, 12.25)
Bull Durham (3.14)
Old Glory (3.47)
Plymouth Roadster (9.5)
Camels (9.28)
Billboard (21.58)
The Hartford Fire (24.40)
The Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus Wreck (24.40)

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...

Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement