Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West
Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West
by Gregory Maguire

Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West Theme of Versions of Reality

Dorothy actually introduces this theme for us in The Wizard of Oz. There's a strong literary tradition of entering a bizarre new world: Alice going down the rabbit hole and through the looking glass, Lucy stepping through the Wardrobe, Coraline crawling into an "other" world, Rip Van Winkle traveling through time, and, of course, Dorothy's tornado trip.

But Wicked approaches this theme in reverse: what's it like for the people already in the "other world" when some weirdo bursts onto the scene and wreaks havoc? The idea of the "Other World" intrigues and scares Elphaba and Melena. Their visions of it are the stuff of myth and nightmare, much like Oz is for Dorothy. And it's definitely no mistake that the "Other World" is also a term used to describe the afterlife, a place and a concept that is appealing, scary, and totally mysterious in the book.

While crossing between realities makes for a good story, there's also a sense of wrongness about it. The Wizard is an aberration in Oz, and Elphaba, the product of two distinct worlds, seems to feel that sense of "wrongness" her entire life.

Questions About Versions of Reality

  1. What sort of world did the Wizard come from, and what can we learn about this world from Melena and Elphaba's visions?
  2. What is the symbolic significance of the Grimmerie in this text? How does the Grimmerie link the two distinct worlds together?
  3. Do the Other World and Oz have things in common? Did the Wizard make Oz more like his own world?

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