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Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945) was the 32nd President of the United States and the only chief executive to be elected to more than two terms in office. Roosevelt held the presidency from 1934-1945, leading the United States through the Great Depression and World War II. His legislative program, the New Deal, greatly expanded the role of the federal government in American society.

Just days after the Pearl Harbor attack, President Roosevelt spoke to the American people, preparing them for a nationwide mobilization effort for war abroad. FDR declared to the nation that "more money than has ever been spent by any nation at any time in the long history of the world" would have to be spent "to build the factories, to buy the materials, to pay the labor, to provide the transportation, to equip and feed and house the soldiers, sailors and marines, to do all the thousands of things necessary in a war."

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