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Hermann Goering (1893-1946) was a German military leader who became a prominent leader in the Nazi Party and second in command of the Third Reich government after Adolf Hitler. After World War II he was convicted for the role he played in the Nazi Holocaust and was sentenced to death by hanging. Before his scheduled execution he committed suicide by ingesting poison.

In March 1938, Hermann Goering, marshal of the Third Reich and Hitler's second in charge, warned all Jews to leave Austria, one of the first steps toward what would become the Nazi "final solution to the Jewish Question," or the Nazi Holocaust, which ultimately murdered six million European Jews.

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