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Young Goodman Brown

Young Goodman Brown

by Nathaniel Hawthorne

Analysis: Allusions

When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.

Literary/Philosophical References

  • The Bible (Genesis throughout, Exodus 7.11 in paragraph 36)
  • John Bunyan (The Pilgrim's Progress)
  • John Milton (Paradise Lost)
  • "The Gray Champion" (another Hawthorne story; "Young Goodman Brown" was attributed to "the author of 'The Gray Champion'" when it appeared in 1835)

Historical References

  • Salem Witch Trials (1, 27, 32, throughout)
  • Protestant Persecutions under Mary Tudor (17)
  • King Philip's War (18)

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