From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
E. A. Ross, an American sociologist who deemed Eastern European immigrants at Ellis Island "hirsute, low-browed, big-faced persons of obviously low mentality." George Grantham Bain Collection photo. Public domain.