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Ellis Island Era Immigration Images

Haymarket Criminals or Martyrs?

A placard marking the Chicago site of the 1886 Haymarket Riot as a National Historical Landmark has been reclaimed by modern-day anarchist admirers of the so-called Haymarket Martyrs.

Emma Lazarus

Poet Emma Lazarus, author of the famous poem "The New Colossus," which was engraved inside the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty in 1903.

The Melting Pot

Henry Ford's Americanization School Melting Pot Pageant.

Performing Assimilation

Theatre program for Israel Zangwill's 1908 play The Melting Pot.

Haymarket Riot

Contemporary engraving of the 1886 Haymarket Riot.

Anarchist Assassin

Leon Czolgosz, Polish-American anarchist and assassin of President William McKinley.

IWW Icon

Wobbly leader William "Big Bill" Haywood.

American-Born Bolshevik

Funeral of left-wing American journalist John Reed, Moscow, 1927.

One Big Union

Early twentieth century poster of the radical Industrial Workers of the World.

Joe Hill

Immigrant Wobbly leader Joe Hill.

"Send Me Your Tired, Your Poor..."

Emma Lazarus's poem, "The New Colossus," engraved on a plaque inside the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty.

"Is it Wise to Leave the Gates Unguarded?"

Thomas Bailey Aldrich, nineteenth-century American novelist and poet, author of the anti-immigrant poem "Unguarded Gates."

Communist Leaders Found Guilty

American Communist leaders, including Eugene Dennis, Benjamin Davis, and William Z. Foster, leave the courthouse during their 1948 Smith Act trial.

Ellis Island

The famous immigration station on Ellis Island, New York Harbor.

Lady Liberty

Immigrants sail past the Statue of Liberty as they near arrival in New York.

The Golden Door

Newly-arrived European immigrants wait in Ellis Island's great hall for inspection and processing.

Angel Island

Chinese immigrants detained at the immigration station on Angel Island in San Francisco Bay carved moving poems into the bare wooden walls of the barracks they could be imprisoned in for months at a time.

Detention for Chinese Immigrants

Barracks for Chinese detainees, Angel Island Immigration Station, California.

Anton Cermak

Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak, first "new immigrant" mayor of a major American city.

Social-Work Icon

Jane Addams at Hull House.

Dillingham Commission

One of the 41 volumes of the Dillingham Commission Reports, 1911.

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