FDR's New Deal Terms
Wilsonian Internationalism, WilsonianA foreign policy based on aggressive international pursuit of democratic ideals. Named for Woodrow Wilson, not the volleyball company.
Isolationism, IsolationistA foreign policy based on withdrawal from international affairs. Popular with introverts.
Collective BargainingThe process by which workers, organized together in a union, negotiate a contract with their employer. The right to collective bargaining is considered to be the bedrock principle of the labor movement.
The most common way for employers and workers to settle their differences. Collective bargaining takes place when a union representing the collected employees sits down with managers to hammer out a contract.
Class ConsciousnessIn Marxist theory, the recognition of the working classes that they are being exploited by the bourgeoisie and the capitalist system in general.
Prohibition, ProhibitionistThe nationwide ban on alcoholic drinks, in effect from 1920 to 1933. Started by the 18th Amendment to the Constitution and repealed by the 21st.
Substantive Due ProcessA constitutional theory, developed in the late nineteenth century, that held that any government regulation that infringed upon an individual's freedom of contract was a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment.
GNP, GDP, Gross National Product, Gross Domestic ProductGross National Product, a common measure of the overall size of a nation's economy. Gross, in this case, does not mean "disgusting."
UnconstitutionalThe Constitution of the United States is, in its own words, the "supreme Law of the Land." That means that no other law can counteract or override the Constitution itself. If Congress passes a law (or the President undertakes an executive action) that runs afoul of the Constitution, the Supreme Court can use its power of judicial review to rule that such a law (or executive action) is unconstitutional and therefore should be overturned.
A legislative act or executive action which violates the terms of the constitution is said to be unconstitutional. The Supreme Court has the authority to overturn laws or executive orders that it finds to be unconstitutional.