War sweeps through Europe and millions of soldiers and civilians lose their lives. It's so devastating that it doesn't feel real—it feels sur-real.
Apollinaire uses the term "Surrealism" to describe a ballet performance in 1917. Breton went on to steal the term and used it to describe his budding literary movement. What a thief.
Littérature would become a platform for Surrealist writers, many of whom published their trippy poems and texts in the journal.
It's the first important Surrealist work to be published, and it gets its readers' heads spinning.
This manifesto, which defines the aims and goals of the movement, officially kicks off the Surrealist movement.
This journal replaces Littérature, the original literary journal of the Surrealists. It's not just about Surrealism anymore; it's about the Surrealist Revolution.
All the other Surrealists are jealous of Desnos' amazing talent for automatic writing, showcased in this collection of writings.
By this point, a bunch of the original Surrealists have left or been been kicked out of the group by André Breton.
Those ex-Surrealists who have been excommunicated by André Breton don't take things lying down. In this pamphlet, they attack the godfather of Surrealism himself, Breton.
Uh-oh. War is back in Europe. Big time. A number of Surrealist and ex-Surrealist writers join the anti-Nazi Resistance movement in France.