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So that's nice about all those structures that make the baggy monsters we think of as novels seem like they fit some sort of pattern. But how about poetry? Let's look at a sonnet by Gerard Manley Hopkins, an English poet who lived in the 19th century. He was a good poet, but not a very happy guy.
Hopkins wrote a series of sonnets, which are innovative in many ways—for example, you wouldn't mistake them for Willy Shakespeare's earlier, usually romantic, sometimes satirical, potentially homoerotic sonnets, which comment on the role of a poet in general. But even Hopkins' way-less-upbeat works can tell us a lot about the structure of sonnets as a form of poetry.