Study Guide

Reverend Bingham in Out of the Dust

By Karen Hesse

Reverend Bingham

Reverend Bingham is the local pastor who presides over Ma and Franklin's funeral. Preaching at anyone's memorial service can't be an easy job, but Billie Jo isn't too thrilled with the treatment he gives Ma and her brother. "I could tell he never truly knew her," she says of the service. "He'd never even heard her play piano" (38.3). It's a bit of a bummer, for sure.